A: Yes, the Defold engine and editor with full functionality is completely free of charge. No hidden costs, fees or royalties. Just free.
A: One of the objectives of the Defold Foundation is to make sure that the Defold software is available to developers world-wide and that the source code is available free of charge.
A: We are deeply committed to Defold. The Defold Foundation has been set up in such a way that it is guaranteed to exist as a responsible owner for Defold for many years to come. It is not going away.
A: Absolutely. Defold is used by a growing number of professional game developers and game studios. Check out the games showcase for examples of games created using Defold.
A: Defold was created by Ragnar Svensson and Christian Murray. They started working on the engine, editor and servers in 2009. King and Defold started a partnership in 2013 and King acquired Defold in 2014. Read the full story here.
A: Absolutely! The engine is a full blown 3D engine. However, the toolset is made for 2D so you will have to do a lot of heavy lifting yourself. Better 3D support is planned.
A: The following platforms are supported for the editor/tools and the engine runtime:
|macOS 10.7 Lion||Editor and runtime|
|Windows Vista||Editor and runtime|
|Ubuntu 18.04 (64 bit)(1)||Editor|
|Linux (64 bit)(2)||Runtime|
|Android 4.1 (API level 16)||Runtime|
(1 The editor is built and tested for 64-bit Ubuntu 18.04. It should work on other distributions as well but we give no guarantees.)
(2 The engine runtime should run on most 64-bit Linux distributions as long as graphics drivers are up to date, see below for more information on graphics APIs)
A: With one click you can publish to Nintendo Switch, iOS, Android and HTML5 as well as macOS, Windows and Linux. It’s truly one codebase with multiple supported platforms.
A: As a developer you only have to worry about a single render API using a fully scriptable rendering pipeline. The Defold render script API translates render operations into the following graphics APIs:
|macOS||Metal (via MoltenVK)|
|Android||OpenGLES 3.0 or Vulkan 1.1||Fallback to OpenGLES 2.0|
|iOS||Metal (via MoltenVK)|
|HTML5||WebGL 2.0||Fallback to WebGL 1.0|
A: Yes, select the “About” option in the Help menu. The popup clearly shows Defold beta version and, more importantly, the specific release SHA1. For runtime version lookup, use
The latest beta version available for download from http://d.defold.com/beta can be checked by opening http://d.defold.com/beta/info.json (the same file exists for stable versions as well: http://d.defold.com/stable/info.json)
A: Yes, check out
A: The editor will use up to 75% of the available memory of the system. On a computer with 4 GB of RAM this should be enough for smaller Defold projects. For mid-sized or large projects it is recommended to use 6 GB or more of RAM.
A: Yes. The Defold beta editor checks for an update at startup, just like the Defold stable version does.
A: This error is related to problems with Java assistive technology such as the NVDA screen reader. You probably have an
.accessibility.properties file in your home folder. Remove the file and try launching the editor again. (Note: If you do use any assistive technology and require that file to be present then please reach out to us at email@example.com to discuss alternative solutions).
Discussed here on the Defold forum.
A: Check if there are spaces in the path leading up to the Defold application. For instance, if you put the folder Defold-macosx containing the macOS version of the editor in your Applications folder, then you should be ok. If you rename the folder Defold macosx the editor might not start anymore. On Windows, putting Defold under C:\Program Files\ can trigger this problem. This is due to a known bug in the underlying Eclipse framework.
A: This exception occurs when the editor tries to make an https connection but the certificate chain provided by the server cannot be verified.
See this link for details on this error.
A: Change the scaling factor before running Defold. source
$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface scaling-factor 2 $ ./Defold
A: An alternative solution, especially when you wish to scale up by a fraction, is to modify the
Defold/config file and on the
vmargs line add
vmargs = -Dglass.gtk.uiScale=1.5,-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8,... vmargs = -Dglass.gtk.uiScale=175%,-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8,... vmargs = -Dglass.gtk.uiScale=192dpi,-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8,...
More on this value in the Arch Linux HiDPI wiki article.
A: Start the editor like this:
$ GTK_CSD=0 ./Defold
A: On certain distributions (like Ubuntu 18) there is an issue with the version of jogamp/jogl Defold uses vs. the version of Mesa on the system. You can override which GL version that gets reported when calling
glGetString(GL_VERSION) by setting the
MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE to 2.1 or a larger value but less than or equal to the version of your driver. You can check which is the maximum OpenGL version your driver supports using
glxinfo | grep version
Example output (look for “OpenGL version string: x.y”):
server glx version string: 1.4 client glx version string: 1.4 GLX version: 1.4 Max core profile version: 4.6 Max compat profile version: 4.6 Max GLES1 profile version: 1.1 Max GLES profile version: 3.2 OpenGL core profile version string: 4.6 (Core Profile) Mesa 20.2.6 OpenGL core profile shading language version string: 4.60 OpenGL version string: 4.6 (Compatibility Profile) Mesa 20.2.6 OpenGL shading language version string: 4.60 OpenGL ES profile version string: OpenGL ES 3.2 Mesa 20.2.6 OpenGL ES profile shading language version string: OpenGL ES GLSL ES 3.20 GL_EXT_shader_implicit_conversions, GL_EXT_shader_integer_mix,
Use version 2.1 or version matching your graphics driver:
$ MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE=2.1 ./Defold
$ MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE=4.6 ./Defold
A: On certain distributions (for instance Ubuntu 20.04) there is an issue with the new Mesa drivers (Iris) when running Defold. You can try using an older driver version when running Defold:
$ MESA_LOADER_DRIVER_OVERRIDE=i965 ./Defold
A: The libffi version of your distribution and the one required by Defold (version 6 or 7) does not match. Make sure
libffi.so.7 is installed under
/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu. You can download
libffi.so.7 like this:
$ wget http://ftp.br.debian.org/debian/pool/main/libf/libffi/libffi7_3.3-6_amd64.deb $ sudo dpkg -i libffi7_3.3-6_amd64.deb
Next you specify the path to this version in the
LD_PRELOAD environment variable when running Defold:
$ LD_PRELOAD=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libffi.so.7 ./Defold
A: Yes, it might be possible to use Defold if you enable software rendering. You can enable software rendering by setting the
LIBGL_ALWAYS_SOFTWARE environment variable to 1:
$ LIBGL_ALWAYS_SOFTWARE=1 ./Defold
A: Check the console output in the editor. If you get the following message:
dmengine: error while loading shared libraries: libopenal.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
Then you need to install libopenal1. The package name varies between distributions, and in some cases you might have to install the openal and openal-dev or openal-devel packages.
$ apt-get install libopenal-dev
A: Yes, set the immersive_mode setting in the Android section of your game.project file. This lets your app take over the whole screen and capture all touch events on the screen.
A: Android detects that you try to install the app with a new certificate. When bundling debug builds, each build will be signed with a temporary certificate. Uninstall the old app before installing the new version:
$ adb uninstall com.defold.examples Success $ adb install Defold\ examples.apk 4826 KB/s (18774344 bytes in 3.798s) pkg: /data/local/tmp/Defold examples.apk Success
A: In some cases it is not possible to run a game in the browser locally from the filesystem. Running from the editor serves the game from a local web server. You can, for instance, use SimpleHTTPServer in Python:
$ python -m SimpleHTTPServer [port]
A: This usually happens when you are using Windows and make a build and commit it to Git. If you have the wrong line-ending configuration in Git it will change your line endings and thus also the data size. Follow these instructions to solve the problem: https://docs.github.com/en/free-pro-team@latest/github/using-git/configuring-git-to-handle-line-endings
A: Make sure that you are using the same bundle identifier in your Defold project as you used in the Xcode project when you generated the mobile provisioning profile.
$ codesign -d –ent :- /path/to/the.app
A: From Inspecting a profile’s entitlements:
$ security cms -D -i /path/to/iOSTeamProfile.mobileprovision
A: This error can happen on computers using AMD Radeon GPUs. Make sure to update your graphics drivers.
A: Try running Defold as administrator. Right-click on the Defold executable and select “Run as Administrator”.
A: One of the objectives of the Defold Foundation is to make sure that the Defold software is available to developers world-wide and that the source code is available free of charge. The Defold Foundation will never compromise on this objective, but in this case access to the Nintendo Switch SDK, tools and resources is strictly controlled by Nintendo. This means that the source code for the Nintendo Switch platform implementation in Defold, including the editor and command line tools, can not be made available. This also means that the Defold Foundation is unable to receive community contributions to the code and documentation and it is the foundation which must provide all of the support and updates to the platform for as long as it is required to. The Nintendo Switch access fee will help ensure that the foundation has the resources necessary to support the platform.
A: You will be able to create application bundles directly from both the Defold editor and command line tools. Information about how to test on Nintendo Switch hardware will be provided to you when you are given access to the Nintendo Switch platform.
A: Yes, all of the standard Defold API functions are available also for the Nintendo Switch platform. In addition to the standard functionality you will also have access to a couple of Nintendo Switch specific functions, but in general the code should be able to remain exactly the same across multiple platforms.
A: When submitting, Apple has three checkboxes for their three valid use cases for the IDFA:
If you check option 1, the app reviewer will look for ads to show up in the app. If your game does not show ads, the game might get rejected. Defold itself doesn’t use AD id.
A: Defold has support for in-app purchases and various advertising solutions. Check the Monetization category in the Asset Portal for an up to date list of available monetization options.
A: The build process can fail to rebuild files in rare cases where it have previously encountered build errors that you have fixed. Force a full rebuild by selecting Project > Rebuild And Launch from the menu.
A: Yes, it does. They are called collections. They allow you to create complex game object hierarchies and store those as a separate building blocks that you can instance in the editor or at runtime (through collection spawning). For GUI nodes there is support for GUI templates.
A: Chances are that you try to add a child in the game object file and that is not possible. To understand why, you have to remember that parent-child hierarchies are strictly a scene-graph transform hierarchy. A game object that has not been placed (or spawned) into a scene (collection) is not part of a scene-graph and can’t therefore be part of a scene-graph hierarchy.
A: Parent-child relations express nothing else than the scene-graph transform relations and should not be mistaken for object orientation aggregates. If you try to focus on your game data and how to best transform it as your game alter its state you will likely find less need to send messages with state data to many objects all the time. In the cases where you will need data hierarchies, these are easily constructed and handled in Lua.
A: That is a visual artifact called “edge bleeding” where the edge pixels of neighboring pixels in an atlas bleed into the image assigned to your sprite. The solution is to pad the edge of your atlas images with extra row(s) and column(s) of identical pixels. Luckily this can be done automatically by the atlas editor in Defold. Open your atlas and set the Extrude Borders value to 1.
A: The built-in sprite shader that is used by default for all sprites has a constant “tint” defined:
local red = 1 local green = 0.3 local blue = 0.55 local alpha = 1 go.set("#sprite", "tint", vmath.vector4(red, green, blue, alpha))
A: The Z-position of a game object controls rendering order. Low values are drawn before higher values. In the default render script game objects with a depth ranging between -1 and 1 are drawn, anything lower or higher will not be drawn. You can read more about the rendering script in the official Render documentation. On GUI nodes the Z value is ignored and does not affect rendering order at all. Instead nodes are rendered in the order they are listed and according to child hierarchies (and layering). Read more about gui rendering and draw call optimization using layers in the official GUI documentation.
A: No. The only effect is precision. The z-buffer is logarithmic and have very fine resolution of z values close to 0 and less resolution far away from 0. For instance, with a 24 bit buffer the values 10.0 and 10.000005 can be differentiated whereas 10000 and 10005 cannot.
A: Actually there is consistency. Angles are expressed as degrees everywhere in the editor and the game APIs. The math libs use radians. Currently the convention breaks for the
angular_velocity physics property that is currently expressed as radians/s. That is expected to change.
A: It is just a vertex colored shape. Bear in mind that it will still cost fill-rate.
A: All resources are ref-counted internally. As soon as the ref-count is zero the resource is released.
A: Everything is component-based. It’s possible to create a headless game object with multiple sounds and play sounds by sending messages to the sound-controller object.
A: In general all resources are statically declared with the benefit that you get resource management for free. You can use resource properties to change which resource that is assigned to a component.
A: No, it is currently not possible.
A: Yes, set physics.debug flag in game.project. (Refer to the official Project settings documentation)
A: Defold runs a modified version of Box2D in the background and the performance cost should be quite similar. You can always see how much time the engine spends on physics by bringing up the profiler. You should also consider what kind of collisions objects you use. Static objects are cheaper performance wise for instance. Refer to the official Physics documentation in Defold for more details.
A: It depends on if they are playing or not. A ParticleFx that isn’t playing have zero performance cost. The performance implication of a playing ParticleFx must be evaluated using the profiler since its impact depends on how it is configured. As with most other things the memory is allocated up front for the number of ParticleFx defined as max_count in game.project.
A: Each proxy loaded collection has their own input stack. Input is routed from the main collection input stack via the proxy component to the objects in the collection. This means that it’s not enough for the game object in the loaded collection to acquire input focus, the game object that holds the proxy component need to acquire input focus as well. See the Input documentation for details.
A: No. Defold supports properties of hash types. These can be used to indicate types, state identifiers or keys of any kind. Hashes can also be used to store game object id’s (paths) although url properties are often preferable since the editor automatically populate a drop-down with relevant URLs for you. See the Script properties documentation for details.
A: You access the cells using
Not enough resources to clone the nodewhen using gui.clone() or gui.clone_tree()
A: Increase the
Max Nodes value of the gui component. You find this value in the Properties panel when selecting the root of the component in the Outline.
A: Of course! We have a special “Work for hire” category for that. We will always encourage everything which benefits the community, and offering your services to the community—for remuneration or not—is a good example of that.
A: In order to reduce bumping of “Work for hire” threads, you may not post more than once per 14 days in your own thread (unless it’s a direct reply to a comment in the thread, in which case you may reply). If you want to add additional work to your thread within the 14-day period, you must edit your existing posts with your added content.
A: Sure, knock yourselves out! It can be used for offerings as well as requests, e.g. “Programmer looking for 2D pixel artist; I’m rich and I’ll pay you well”.